This article is for the coaches…
It’s not that athletes have nothing to gain from it. It’s just that if you’re an athlete interested in evaluating your coach it should be primarily on two factors — results and enjoyment. If you are getting results and enjoying the process then I would recommend that you stay where you are. If you are not getting results or not enjoying the process then it may be time to reevaluate.
Yes for the coaches… I have some questions to ask you.
1) Do you have an Athlete-Centric approach?
The athlete absolutely must be central to a well-designed training process. On that, I can accept no negotiation. Of course, planning paradigms, exercise science, and all other sources of general knowledge are important. But their proper place is supporting decision making in an athlete-centric model.
What does it mean to be athlete-centric? It’s not got anything to do with corporate-style policies where you state that the customer is always right. It’s a description of your processes. Athlete centric processes start with the athlete in mind — their experiences, their goals, desires… Their life. Things that are not athlete-centric (like planning models, exercise science, your experience as a coach) then influence what you should do. The process starts with the athlete, then adjusts. It doesn’t start with a stock plan, then seek to tweak it.
At the bottom, this is a process question and an epistemological question. If the processes that we use in real-life miss the mark and don’t satisfactorily prioritize the athlete experience, then the output cannot be ideal. If there is a compromise where the plan is prioritized ahead of the athlete response — whether known or not — then the output can’t be ideal.
Those of you familiar with RTS over the last few years will be waiting for the emerging strategies punchline. And it’s no secret that I think that Emerging Strategies is the best system of planning training. If I didn’t think that I wouldn’t be using it for myself and my athletes. However, I recognize it is not the only way to solve this problem.
As long as these problems get solved it does not matter to me very much whether the planning process fits the emerging strategies mold or otherwise. But if we’re going to take seriously things like cognitive biases and the influence of systems on people, then we have to take them seriously in the coaching setting as well. That means systems that give us incentives to “stick with the plan” — even when we know we shouldn’t — ought to be reduced or eliminated. It means we should avoid systems that nudge us to make decisions that may be counter to the athlete’s response.
Related to the athlete-centric approach is reducing programming noise so you can better see the signal. Constantly changing the program is something I used to do (whether planned or otherwise). I felt as if I was earning my pay if I was *doing* something. But this is a bias. The job isn’t to change training. The job is to build effective training (among other things). Sometimes that effectiveness is maximized by a strategic change to some training variables. Sometimes it’s maximized by sitting still and letting the situation develop.
2) How do you go about customizing the training you write?
If you’re a coach, then I presume you offer “custom training”. It’s even nonsensical to offer “static coaching”. Coaching isn’t static. All coaching at least on some level intends to be customized.
So by what process do you make the decisions that result in this customization? This was a question I asked for YEARS of my coaching career. And almost nobody had an answer that I found satisfying. I’ll happily grant that it’s not that they don’t have a process for customization — it’s that the process isn’t explicit. They know how they do it but aren’t able to describe it in a sufficient enough way that other coaches could effectively emulate it.
Oddly enough, this is the same thing that led to me adopting the RPE scale to Powerlifting in ~2005; the best lifters could do a thing, but not describe it adequately so that it was accessible to the masses.
It also just so happens that emerging strategies is a highly teachable system of justifying training choices for coaches who may not have systems of their own. It makes minimal reliance on things like “spontaneous coaching observations” and “planning models” that guide the progression. Instead, it encourages users to “follow the trail of athlete response.” It’s a system that can arrive at conclusions that are very different from the starting position of either coach or athlete. And I think that is critically important.
3) Do you struggle with Imposter Syndrome?
Every coach I know has impostor syndrome.
I don’t think that’s a bad thing. I think it usually comes from an honest place. It comes from introspection and questioning one’s own knowledge and beliefs. From asking yourself if you are sure that you are providing as much value to your clients as you can.
The absolute best coaches in the world have this feeling from time to time.
I don’t propose to have a solution to all brands and flavors of imposter syndrome. But one thing that I have done that has helped me gain a lot of confidence in the training I write is justifying my training choices. It’s not coaching a certain number of lifters or producing lifters of a certain caliber — that hasn’t helped. It’s the internal justification of the choices themselves that have made the most difference. Further, a quality justification goes beyond “pause squats usually build bottom end strength”. That is a statement — and it may be true. But it’s not a statement that ultimately answers the question of “what is the best thing we could be doing right now”.
Some of your uncertainty in writing training might stem from a lack of knowledge of the nuts-and-bolts. Maybe an athlete is showing excessive valgus in the squat and you’re not sure how you should address it. But very often I see it as a result of this nagging sense that the facts that you have aren’t really answering the most important questions.
From the standpoint of planning training, the most important question is something like, “What is the best thing we could be doing right now.” And to adequately answer that question requires an athlete-centric approach, plenty of information from the athlete, and some creative problem-solving.
Knowing facts about “X training gets you Y effects” is important. But then you need a reliable framework for applying those facts to specific situations and recognizing whether or not that is applying as-predicted in this particular case.
4) Is your system of training robust to your own blind spots?
Now I’ll say upfront that I don’t think it’s possible to be perfectly robust to our blind spots. But we can work to reduce them. This reduction takes humility — the acceptance that even coaches don’t have all the answers. And if we take that seriously, then we must at least try to discover these answers.
One way that this manifests for me is in a thought experiment. Are my systems robust enough that if I got an athlete who truly responded best to the training I was biased AGAINST, would we still be able to find the right answer and program effectively for that athlete?
Think it through. Think about a system of training that makes no sense to you at all. Now imagine that you get a new athlete and you peer into your crystal ball and notice that the best training for them is precisely this system that you think makes no sense. Would you be able to find that answer WITHOUT your crystal ball? Are you equipped to plan the best training for that athlete?
Now some of you may point out that this kind of unorthodox training intervention isn’t necessary for most lifters and that’s true. But isn’t our job as coaches to get the best results we can for all of our lifters and not just those with an orthodox response? Static programs offer a great center-of-the-bell-curve solution. Coaches can do so much more. What’s more, is that an athlete may have a very average volume response, but not intensity. Or RPE. Or rest intervals. Or exercise selection. Or in frequency. Or the SRA cycle. There are enough important variables in a training plan that I haven’t noticed anyone responding in a very average way to all things. So although most people are average, few if any individuals are average at everything. And prescribing average training when better options exist is a disservice.
5) When it comes to developing training, where do you spend the greatest amount of time?
I have to say since we developed Emerging Strategies as a planning framework, we have spent considerably more time on every program that we write, not less. At first, glance that may come as a surprise since it usually utilizes repeating microcycles to improve the signal-to-noise ratio. But when you consider that the bulk of your time planning training should be spent studying the athlete’s data and communications… then coming up with creative solutions to often difficult problems, it’s not surprising. The main task of planning training isn’t typing.
Most coaches I encounter got into this as a way of helping lifters get stronger. Chances are that purpose is much more effectively realized by solving athlete problems. If time is spent on a plug-and-play model or worse — repetitive typing — then that’s less time that can be spent on more important, meaningful tasks.
Of course these questions I pose to you highlight many reasons why RTS has chosen an Emerging Strategies approach. If you’d like to learn more about it, please check out our YouTube channel where we dive into the nuts-and-bolts of it.
Additionally, our free Online training log is designed to help you implement Emerging Strategies in your training. It’s free for everyone to use whether you work with RTS or not. Or if you’re interested in working with one of our coaches to get stronger and build your own Emerging Strategies training process, please look into All-Access Coaching. But most importantly, take time to think and improve your processes as a coach. That is our sincerest desire.
by Mike Tuchscherer, 16 March 2020
With many gyms around the world now closing for the next several weeks due to COVID-19, we’ve had several of our lifters suddenly without a place to train. Over the last few years, I’ve often found myself on the road for various reasons also without a training facility — just making due with what I could carry in a suitcase and do in a hotel room. In the case of my move a few years ago, I kept this up for basically a couple of months. While this isn’t the same thing as what lifters are facing now, I do feel it’s given me perspective on what a powerlifter could do in a situation like this to make sure this bump-in-the-road has minimal impact.Read more…
Correcting Max-Effort Technical Deviations
By Mike Tuchscherer, 10 September 2017
I’ve written before about why I think including assistance work is a good idea. And I do mean *assistance* work, not just supplemental work. And the more I think about it, the more convinced I become that this is the best way to develop strength over the long term.
Quick aside on exercise classification before we get started…
Competition Exercise: The exercise as it’s performed in competition. If you squat low-bar in competition, then high bar squats are not a competition exercise. If you wear a belt in competition, beltless work is not a competition exercise.
Assistance Exercise: Exercises that are very closely related to the competition exercise, but contain 1-2 small changes to give the lift a certain emphasis. Things like pause squats, deadlifts with chains, or board presses all fall into this category.
Supplemental Exercise: Exercises that train the same muscles, but not the same movements. Usually trained for higher reps as well. Exercises like lunges, military press, and good mornings fit into this category.
High Stress Training Weeks
By Mike Tuchscherer, 3 October 2017
From the inbox:
“Why vary weekly fatigue percents at all? Why not move from high reps to low reps at [medium stress] each week? The high reps provide the stimulus and the low reps allowing fatigue to dissipate? A week of 3’s at [high stress] vs week of 8’s at [medium stress]. The latter has a lower fatigue percent but higher volume- so what’s the difference in effect between the two?”
Using Block Reviews
By Mike Tuchscherer, 12 September 2017
In my estimation, there is only one good reason to keep a training log – to help you make better training decisions. That’s it. Lots of people keep a log just to write down what they did, but never make use of the information. What’s the point?
Our training log is a free application that ANYONE can use. And we’re building new tools all the time to help you make better training choices. One feature that I really love is called the Block Review.
Purpose of the Block Review
We all know that people respond differently to training. It’s training law – the law of individual differences. It’s trivially obvious to observe. So once you’re past the beginning stages the question becomes how can you optimize your training so that it’s producing the best progress it can – FOR YOU. Unfortunately no one can tell you what it is. There is no test you can take. There’s no system that will find it for you. You need to find it for yourself. And figuring this out is where the block review proves highly valuable. Read more…
What’s the Recovery Value of a Massage?
By Mike Tuchscherer, 5 September 2017
We’ve always said massage is good for recovery, but how do we know? I get massages periodically. I would like to do it weekly, but often I’ll go a month between them. We always *thought* it was good for recovery, but as time has gone on I’ve noticed less and less of a difference. With the time constraints that one accumulates with life, I began wondering if it was time well spent or not. So I pulled my TRAC data and compared my scores after a massage to my scores after a normal rest day. I was very surprised by the results. Quick aside: TRAC is our athlete monitoring system. It’s how we monitor the recovery for all of our athletes. It’s available for everyone for free via the RTS website – just click on apps in the main menu.
By Mike Tuchscherer, August 22, 2017
We all go through busy times in our lives. For a lot of us, some of those busy times are coming up later this month and next. For others, those times are year-around. Stuff like that can affect training and sometimes that’s unavoidable. When one of my lifters finds himself in this situation, I often use a Flex Template.
A template is simply a designation of what work you do on what days. Read more…
Exercise Detail: 2ct Pause Bench
by Mike Tuchscherer, August 15, 2017
I’d like to do a little series on various exercises where we really expand on the usefulness of certain movements. I don’t think this will be an every-week thing, but rather a “from time to time” thing.
This week, I’d like to discuss the 2ct Pause Bench. Any sort of long-pause bench is going to train the bottom of the bench. That much is surely obvious. But what specifically is the 2ct Pause Bench good for? In my experience, it’s best suited for those lifters who either can’t get the weight moving off the chest at all, or those who squish when they start to drive the weight up. Read more…
Singles for Assistance Work — Why?
By Mike Tuchscherer, August 8, 2017
Wrong but Useful: Central/Peripheral Models
By Mike Tuchscherer, August 1, 2017
Go back and read articles from the early to mid 2000’s about powerlifting training. Especially if the author is attempting to explain his thinking at a physiological level, you’re likely to come across the term “CNS” – or “Central Nervous System”. And often it was in the context of “CNS Fatigue” or “CNS burnout”.
Fast forward to the 2010-2013 timeframe and “CNS” more or less left the lexicon of popular programming articles. And that’s not without it’s reasons. As the idea of “CNS fatigue” proliferated, too many people took it to be an absolute or factual description of what was going on. That left many of us, me included, speaking against the abuse of the concept. Every bad training day is not because “your CNS is fried, bro”. Read more…